Inuktitut, Western Canadian
4,000 (1981). All Inuit first-language speakers in Canada 18,840 (1981 census). Ethnic population: 7,500 (1981 census).
Central Canadian Arctic, and west to the Mackenzie Delta and coastal area, including Tuktoyaktuk on the Arctic coast north of Inuvik (but not Inuvik and Aklavik, and coastal area).
Copper Inuktitut ("Copper Eskimo", Copper Inuit), "Caribou Eskimo" (Keewatin), Netsilik, Siglit. Caribou dialect may need separate literature.
Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo, Inuit
Vigorous in Caribou and Netsilik. In Commer and farther west, parent and grandparent generations speak the language (M. Krauss 1995).
Language developmentLiteracy rate in first language: 25% to 50%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. NT: 1983.